Facts About STI Infections and STI Testing

Posted by Frank 19/06/2016 0 Comments Information STD Home Testing,

Facts About STI Infections and STI Testing

Here you can read about STIs, STI testing and see how to avoid to get infected with a STI

Common STI


  • AIDS
  • Crab lice
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital Herpes
  • Chlamydia
  • Genital warts / genital warts
  • Vaginal Yeast Infection
  • Syphilis
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease


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What is safe sex?

There is nothing that says there is 100 percent safe sex. But there is a big difference between unsafe sex and safer sex.

When you talk about safe sex, it is usually associated with HIV and AIDS. HIV is a virus that can go in and destroy the body's natural immune system - and thus it develops into AIDS. The disease cannot be cured but only kept down by using medications and eventually the fatal.

But AIDS is not the only one should guard against. The risk of desired pregnancy and infection with other sexually transmitted diseases is far greater than the risk of being hit by AIDS. To be safe you should STI testing for HIV if you have had unprotected sex.

Condoms are the only contraceptive method that protects against these risks and STI testing a must if you wont to be sure of your status.

A condom protects 100 percent against HIV and most other sexually transmitted diseases, if used properly, so it does not burst. Be sure to use a condom that fits in size to minimize the risk of slipping or breaking.

HIV is primarily transmitted through sexual transmission of the virus. HIV virus is found in high concentrations in semen, vaginal fluid and blood. The infection occurs when these fluids from entering the recipient's bloodstream - it can happen even through microscopic wounds or cuts in the skin and mucous membranes.

There are only negligible amounts of HIV in saliva, tears and sweat, and there is no documented transmission from so deep kissing and mutual masturbation may be considered to be safe sex.

Vaginal or anal intercourse without a condom implies clearly the biggest risk of infection.

The risk of oral sex is considered to be somewhat less, but no one knows for sure how big it. However, it will be further reduced by avoiding the sperm in the mouth.

Sex toys can theoretically transmit infection, so it is recommended to wash or clean objects with rubbing alcohol before being used by another person.



Contagious venereal disease that is transmitted through body fluids. Read more at CDC home page  and at unaids


Crab Lice

A phthirus pubis pubis, which mainly live in pubic hair. Crab lice transmitted by close body contact, where lice can crawl from hair to hair - they cannot jump or fly. Sometimes they also take up residence in another body hair, for example. armpits, eyebrows, chest and beard.

The symptoms are itching, flaking skin and brown eggs, hairs. The lice are pin-sized and can be seen with the naked eye. Treatment consists of washing with a special head lice shampoo, which is available over the counter at pharmacies. Remember thorough washing of linen.

One should avoid sexual intercourse for one week after the end of treatment. Also, one should advise all that you have had close physical contact with in the last 2-3 weeks.

Condoms do not protect against infection!


Sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.


Gonorrhea can be transmitted through vaginal and anal intercourse and through oral sex, and the disease does not necessarily symptoms.
In women, the symptoms will be: yellowish vaginal discharge, possibly. Also from the anus. Urination can be painful.


In men, symptoms will be the same - only from the urethra.One older slang term for gonorrhea describes aptly the symptoms as "piss broken glass" The disease requires medical examination and must be treated with antibiotics.Until the cure is complete you should abstain from sex with others, and all former partners who have been exposed to infection, should be STI tested for Gonorrhea at home.

Condoms protect against infection!


Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex virus found in two types: HSV-1 is the most common form, which you often see as cold sores around the mouth, while HVS-2 is the virus that mainly causes genital herpes, stinging and painful blisters, which develop into ulcers on genitals. An outbreak of genital herpes typically last 2-3 weeks.


80% of the adult population have at some point been infected with HVS-1 and about 25% of HVS -2.


Not everyone has symptoms or very mild symptoms of the first outbreak, and discovers not, that they have been infected - then the virus can lie dormant and it may take years before the next outbreak occurs in earnest. Many escape with one or very few outbreaks life. The virus lies dormant for most of the time, and the number of outbreaks has squiggle to decrease with age.


To be sure you should STI testing for Herpes even if you do not have an outbreak, the STI testing of herpes is safe to perform at home, visible Herpes test result in 20 minutes.


By frequent repeated outbreaks, you may be prescribed a preventive medicine. The individual outbreaks can also reduce medical - here it is important to start treatment as soon as the first symptoms appear.


Previously it was thought that genital herpes only infected during outbreaks, but today we know that there is little risk of infection in the disease-free periods, and in particular Therefore the number of infected people is increasing.


As long as you have fresh outbreak of HVS-2 should refrain from sexual activities where the genitals are affected, first it will be uncomfortable and secondly may infect via such. fingers and mouth.



Sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis


Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease and rampant greatly among young people. Untreated chlamydia in the long term lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, the risk of ectopic pregnancy (see oviduct) and infertility.


Chlamydia can be insidious because it does not necessarily cause symptoms, so it may be important to a regular preform a STI testing for chlamydia.


In women, any symptoms for example. be: increased vaginal discharge, frequent or uncomfortable urination, abdominal pain, irregular menstruation, pain or bleeding during sexual intercourse.


In men, any symptoms for example. be: discharge from the urethra, painful urination and irritation of the urethra.

If you suspect to be infected with chlamydia, it is important to seek medical treatment. The disease can be treated with antibiotics.

Condoms protect against infection!


Genital warts / genital warts

Sexually transmitted disease caused by certain types of human papilloma virus.


The disease proves possible. only several months after transmission. The symptoms are small, hard, white or pink warty growths on the penis, scrotum, vulva, perineum or anus - rarely mouth.


One can get warts around the anus without having grown anal sex.


Women can also have outbreaks in the vagina or on the cervix where they can only look at a gynecological examination.

Treatment consists initially of smearing a corrosive liquid, - the treatment may need. repeated several times before the warts are completely gone.


Condoms protect against infection!


Vaginal Yeast Infection

A vaginal yeast infection is a common fungal infection caused by overgrowth of Candida, naturally occurring yeast. Yeast are normally found in a woman’s vagina in small numbers, but sometimes they can multiply and change the normal balance of bacterial growth. When the fungi begin to grow in excess, they may develop into candidiasis. These are the most likely fungi to cause yeast infections as well as infections in other moist areas of the body, such as the mouth (thrush), skin folds, and beneath the fingernails.



Sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum.


Symptoms can be up to 3 months to prove, and the disease progresses in three stages, of which it is extremely contagious in the first second
In the first stage of a wound (chancre) at the site of infection, it may be the vagina, the penis, the anus or mouth. The wound is usually not sore and disappear after 3-7 weeks. Without treatment enters the second stage about 4-10 weeks after the wound appeared.


The symptoms here are a non-itchy rash on the body, flat wart-like growths on the vulva or anus, flu-like symptoms, swollen glands, loss of appetite, general fatigue, spots on the tongue and palate and patchy hair loss, and can also perform other symptoms.


STI testing for Syphilis will save your life, the STI testing for Syphilis at home is safe and easy with a Syphilis test result in 20 minutes.


The symptoms usually disappear within a few months, but without treatment the disease will lie dormant in the body and may, years later develop the third stage, which can have serious consequences for the nervous system, heart and internal organs.

Syphilis may be treated with penicillin in three stages, but is, however, difficult to treat, the heart and nervous system are affected.


Condoms protect against infection.!


Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

The disease can occur without being sexually transmitted.


Inflammation of the uterus and fallopian tubes, usually caused by an infection (eg. Chlamydia or gonorrhea) are not treated properly. The condition may also occur when the cervix expands during a spontaneous abortion, birth or abortion, or when setting up a spiral.
The disease may be mild, severe, acute or chronic. In some cases, the symptom-free and in other emergency cases, there may be severe symptoms.


Symptoms may include: severe abdominal pain, fever, nausea, vaginal discharge, heavy menstrual bleeding and pain during intercourse.
Untreated, the disease in the long term lead to chronic pelvic pain and / or infertility and the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Diagnosis is made by a gynecological examination - possible. with ultrasound.


Treatment consists of antibiotics, analgesics, and bed rest. In more severe cases, hospitalization may be considered. The partner must also be examined and, if necessary. treated.


Sex should be avoided until you are completely healthy and regular STI testing at home is the best way to know for sure if you are infected or not.