Acute HIV infection

Posted by Frank 18/09/2018 0 Comments Information HIV & AIDS,

What is Acute HIV infection?


Acute HIV infection, additionally known as "primary HIV infection," is the first stage of HIV.



Acute HIV infection Main SymptomsAn acute HIV infection might have preliminary flu-like signs such as inflamed glands, aching throat, and also high temperature.


Throughout the acute period of infection, the degree of infection in a person's blood is extremely high as their body is not yet able to install an immune response.


Some records describe the first symptoms of acute HIV infection as being like "the most awful influenza ever."

These signs usually occur 2-4 weeks after infection as well as may include:

  •     high temperature
  •     puffy glands
  •     a sore throat
  •     breakout
  •     muscular tissue as well as joint aches and discomforts
  •     a headache

Evaluating for acute HIV infection

An unfavorable HIV antibody test, as well as very high viral lots, show recent HIV infection, more than likely within the previous two months. If both tests are positive, then HIV infection possibly happened a couple of months or longer prior to the tests.

The typical HIV blood examination will certainly come back unfavorable for a person who was contaminated extremely recently (0-14 days). The examination searches for antibodies generated by the immune system to eliminate HIV. It can take 14 days or more for these antibodies to be created.

Nevertheless, the viral load test measures the virus itself. Before the body immune system generates antibodies to eliminate it, HIV multiplies quickly. Therefore, this test will show a high viral load throughout acute HIV infection.


Pros and Cons of dealing with acute HIV Infection

Taking ART can change your everyday life. Missing doses of medications make it simpler for the virus to establish resistance to medicines, which restricts future therapy alternatives.

The medicines are very solid. They have negative effects that could be hard to deal with for a very long time, as well as they can be extremely expensive.

Very early therapy could protect the body immune system from damages by HIV. Immune damage programs up as reduced CD4 cell counts and also higher viral lots. These are related to higher rates of illness. Older people (over 40 years old) have weak immune systems. They do not react to ARVs along with more youthful people.

Beginning ART is a significant choice. Anyone considering taking ARVs should carefully take into consideration the advantages and also negative aspects.

Scientists presently think that beginning treatment really early could allow a patient to quit taking ART after a duration of controlling HIV, or perhaps cure the infection (as seems the instance of a girl in the USA).

Not everyone with HIV obtains sick right away. A person with a CD4 cell count over 350 as well as viral tons under 20,000, even if they don't take ART, has about a 50/50 opportunity of staying healthy for 6 to 9 years.